By Ellalyn De Vera-Ruiz
The Philippines on Wednesday secured the approval of its first green climate fund proposal on the establishment of a USD10-million multi-hazard impact-based forecasting and early warning system.
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is the largest climate finance mechanism in the world, specifically catered to developing countries. It was created by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to support mitigation and adaptation projects and programs.
The GCF Board presently convened for its 24th Meeting held in Songdo, Korea this week, approved the proposal for a USD10-million grant that aims to strengthen and ensure the delivery of actionable and timely early warning to communities and “last mile” end-users at risk of impending natural hazards.
Antique Rep. Loren Legarda is part of the GCF Board as an alternate member.
Climate Change Commissioner Rachel Herrera, who is also the national focal person to the GCF, said accessing the GCF has been a priority of the CCC since day one, emphasizing that our strong advocacy for climate action and climate justice must be matched by an efficient system to access climate finance.
“We are overjoyed with the approval of our very first GCF country proposal, which is the product of convergence among agencies, organizations, and stakeholders who contributed to the development and submission of this project. This is just the beginning,” Herrera said.
“The CCC, as the national designated authority to the GCF, will remain determined to access more climate finance that can enable genuine and lasting resilience for our vulnerable communities,” she added.
The project aims to translate hazard forecasts into warnings that can convey location- and sector-specific impacts, providing tailored climate risk information directly to the local government units and communities on the ground.
The GCF will channel the grant to Land Bank of the Philippines acting as the direct access entity of the project.
The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration will be the project’s lead executing entity, together with the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Mines and Geosciences Bureau (DENR-MGB), Office of Civil Defense (OCD), World Food Programme (WFP), and the local governments of Tuguegarao City; Legazpi City; Palo, Leyte; and New Bataan, Davao de Oro, which will also be the project’s target sites.
DILG will be responsible for advocacy, outreach, and public awareness on the system, capacity building of local government units, and the updating of disaster preparedness and response protocols using impact-based early warning system.
DENR-MGB will be responsible for the generation of landslide hazard maps and establishing threshold values for landslide.
OCD, as the implementing arm of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, is expected to facilitate inter-agency coordination, mobilize resources for disaster preparedness and response, and manage information at the national and regional levels.
WFP will lead in activities related to FbA and shock-responsive social protection, including the development of index-based triggers and SOPs aligned with impact-based forecasting and warning system.
The target LGUs will be responsible for leading all activities in the project sites, such as building the exposure database with population and socio-economic variable; housing and building data and gathering data in the field; identifying forecast-based actions and financing mechanisms; adopting and implementing early action protocols; identifying alternative resilient livelihood options; and integrating the system in their respective local resilience plans.
A project board consisting of CCC, Land Bank, PAGASA, OCD, DENR-MGB, and DILG will be set up at the national level to provide project oversight and implementation strategies.