By Chito Chavez
A toxic watchdog has expressed concern over the increase in the number of discarded electronic wastes (e-waste) this Holiday Season.
With holiday shopping in full swing, the EcoWaste Coalition appealed to the public to be discerning in buying and properly disposing Holiday Season presents that they would eventually discard.
To promote e-waste prevention, reduction and safe management, EcoWaste Coalition yesterday conducted a public outreach at the Quezon Memorial Circle to inform the public about e-waste, which is described as “one of the fastest growing waste streams” across the globe.
The event followed the release last December 13 of the Global E-Waste Monitor 2017 by the International Telecommunication Union, United Nations University and the International Solid Waste Association indicating the rising levels of e-waste and its improper and unsafe treatment and disposal through burning or dumping.
Globally, some 44.7 million metric tons of e-waste were generated in 2016 or 6.1 kg per inhabitant.
The study also showed that Filipinos produced 2 kg. to 5 kg. of e-waste per inhabitant.
Experts estimate that e-waste generation will reach 52.2 million metric tons by 2021.
“Broken appliances, outmoded gadgets, busted lamps and other unwanted electrical and electronic products that are improperly recycled, burned or disposed of can pollute the environment with health-damaging chemicals,” cautioned Thony Dizon, Chemical Safety Campaigner of EcoWaste Coalition.
Among the hazardous substances that make up electrical and electronic equipment and their wastes are heavy metals such as cadmium, hexavalent chromium, lead and mercury, and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDes) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), among dozens of other toxic chemical compounds.
The EcoWaste Coalition explained that reckless disposal practices can result in the release of these nasty chemicals, some of which like mercury, PBDEs and PCBs are covered by multilateral environmental agreements like the Minamata Convention on Mercury and the Stockholm Convention on POPs.
When e-wastes such as vinyl-coated cables are burned to get the copper wire, harmful byproduct POPs like dioxins and furans are formed and released to the environment, the group explained.
Dioxins are considered as among “the most toxic chemicals known to science.
Fluorescent lamps, when dumped with ordinary trash or manually dismantled to remove the metal parts for recycling, will release the mercury vapor out of the glass tubing and cause toxic pollution, the group added.
Exposure to mercury, a potent neurotoxin, can damage the brain and the central nervous system.
When the plastic casings of cathode ray tube TVs and computer monitors are incinerated or land-filled, toxic PBDEs are released contaminating the environment. PBDEs are among the new POPs targeted for global elimination under the Stockholm Convention.
During the event, members of the San Vicente Elementary School Children’s Rondalla played Christmas songs as EcoWaste Coalition volunteers donning headgears with images of mobile phone, TV, laptop and other electrical and electronic products drew public attention on the hazads of e-waste.
According to the leaflet “E-Waste ‘to, Iwasto!,” “e-wastes should be returned to their manufacturers for proper management as an ideal solution.
Otherwise, e-wastes should be managed by accredited treatment, storage and disposal facility.
EcoWaste Coalition noted that these can be effectively done by instituting appropriate drop-off or collection points for their safe and ecological retrieval/collection, storage, and recycling or disposal.”
The leaflet was prepared by the EcoWaste Coalition for the “Safe PCB and E-Waste Management Project” of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources with assistance from Global Environment Facility and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
To avoid and minimize the creation of e-waste this Yuletide season, the EcoWaste Coalition requested consumers to consider the following tips:
1. Extend the life of your existing electronics instead of buying new ones. Consider whether you truly need to get new ones before rushing to buy the latest stuff.
2. Have broken electronics repaired.
3. Have outdated component of an electronic product refurbished or upgraded, instead of buying an entirely new replacement.
4. Never dispose of unwanted but still usable electronics. Pass them on to relatives and friends for reuse or donate to charities and schools. What might be of no use to you, might come in handy for some people.
5. Collect spent household batteries, cell phone batteries, fluorescent lamps, empty ink cartridges and the like, label and safely store them in a container with cover and kept out of reach of children and pets. These should be safely managed or disposed of in an environmentally-sound manner and not mixed with regular waste.
6. Visit the manufacturer’s website or call the dealer to find out if they have a take-back program or scheme for your discarded electronics.
7. If you really need to spend for new electronics, choose items with less hazardous substances, with greater recycled content, with higher energy efficiency, with longer life span, and those that will produce less waste.
8. Take good care of your electronic device – whether it’s brand new, refurbished or hand-me down – as sound maintenance will prolong its lifespan. Read the instruction manual carefully and get acquainted and trained on easy fix-it-yourself guide.
9. Make it a point to have your e-scrap properly recycled by authorized recyclers so that they don’t end up as e-waste to be thrown away or burned.